Heterotrophic plants types – 2021

Heterotrophic plants types – 2021

All plants must have a nutrient source to survive, but there are varying ways in which they go about obtaining these nutrients as needed. Heterotrophic Plants—Plants that do not produce their own food through photosynthesis—are those who have turned to other methods of obtaining sufficient nutrients required for growth and development.

One common example of a heterotrophic plant is a parasitic vine which provides much needed nutrition by feeding on the host’s roots . These plants must compete for much-needed water and nutrients both above and below ground with other growing plants including saprophytic or mutualistic partners.
Types of heterotrophic plants
Heterotrophic plants’ roots are unable to synthesize most of their food for themselves – they need to acquire it from other sources – and these plants have adapted in one or several ways that help them do so.

Some go with a non-direct approach and parasitize the living organisms of their immediate environment by growing at their expense, others follow a more direct approach and turn simple living things into food by assimilating bacteria, fungi or even insects.

Some heterotrophic plants live as mutualistic symbionts helping other organisms survive herbivorous wildlife as part of a specific ecosystem, for example as epiphytes. These practices mean different strategies must be followed in each case to either address the problem or take advantage of this extra food positionally if possible…

heterotrophic plants
All plants must have a nutrient source to survive, but there are varying ways in which they go about obtaining these nutrients as needed. Heterotrophic Plants—Plants that do not produce their own food through photosynthesis—are those who have turned to other methods of obtaining sufficient nutrients required for growth and development.

One common example of a heterotrophic plant is a parasitic vine which provides much needed nutrition by feeding on the host’s roots . These plants must compete for much-needed water and nutrients both above and below ground with other growing plants including saprophytic or mutualistic partners.
Symbiotic plants
Symbiosis is the relationship between two distinct species living together for a mutualistic benefit. Lichens can be a great example of symbiosis because they are formed of a fungus and an alga living harmoniously together without hurting each other.

The chlorophyllous alga produces organic material that both partners need, while the fungus supplies water and minerals for this duo to survive as an ecosystem. Lichens usually grow on the surface of trees as well as other hard objects such as rocks.

Mycorrhizae (the relationship between a fungus and the roots of a tree) is also an example of symbiosis, where one partner profits from consuming organic matter by growing throughout its area while another benefits from having a greater amount of surface area to absorb the nutrients needed to survive in this pale blue dot we call life.


Parasitic plants
Parasitic plants are unable to perform photosynthesis and thus are completely dependent on their host. All of them, including dodder, feed off the elaborated sap of their hosts in one shape or another. Most of them do so by penetrating their stems with sucker-like roots to siphon off nutrients.
Holozoic nutrition
Holozoic nutrition is the process of breaking down and consuming Organic Matter in organisms. It begins when food is ingested, or taken in by way of elimination from one organism to another.

As the organism breaks down the organic material it resembles a botanical digestive tract because both solid and liquid food are ingested through inhalation and assimilation respectively. After the useful particles have been absorbed into the body they can either be used to produce energy or stored for a later use.

If the particles are unable to be used then an organism will excrete them back into its ecosystem in order for other organisms to process it again so that it may be put to use once more. One fantastic example of Holozoic Nutrition being utilized in nature is when “”The Venus Flytrap”” feeds upon Insects in Amphibian communities.


Holozoic Nutrition in Amoeba
The amoeba begins by sending out a portion or ‘finger’ called a “pseudopodium,” which gently touches the food. The food is ultimately engulfed when the “pseudopodium” returns to its previous shape in order to pull in the food through a process known as “phagocytosis”.

Next, the amoeba has enzymes within its cytoplasm that break down food. Once empty of nutrients, the cell absorbs this material into its body and divides it into two new cells.
Types of Holozoic Organism


Herbivores –

Lizards, snakes, cats and dogs are all examples of carnivorous mammals. Omnivores – Like bears who might eat berries during the summer months but feast on fish when the northern temperatures drop in the winter, many species fall under this category as they can survive based on using either plant or animal matter for their nourishment needs.


Some plants cannot grow their own food and must rely on other sources to get nutrition. These plants are known as heterotrophic because they produce their own energy by means of consuming other living or non-living things.

Some examples of heterotrophic plants are parasites that suck the life out of other organisms for sustenance, saprophytes which absorb nutrients from dead organic matter, and mutualistic symbionts whose host plant provides shelter in return for being provided with shelter or a place to grow.

Examples of a mutualistic symbiont would be epiphytes who grow on another organism’s structure so long as it has no negative impact on it and can also provide nourishment if necessary. Also insectivorous which you might know better as carnivorous plants—they catch insects for dinner!
SUMMARY
More than 400 different species of nonparasitic plants, belonging to 87 genera can be found all around the world. These plants are lacking in chlorophyll and they do not photosynthesize.

Instead they get their nutrients from fungi rather than directly from another living organism. Just like many other germinated seeds, these plants grow very fast since there is no competition for nutrition sources among them.

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